Ethiopia Gedeb Beriti Natural
This coffee comes from our dear friends at METAD in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Aman and Tariku, who are brothers, run what is widely considered the best Ethiopian coffee sourcing in the world. They also own and farm the famed Hambela estate coffee farm, from which we purchase many micro-lots. This lot from Gedeb in Yirgacheffe is from one of the washing stations they own, which has really developed over the years to become one of the highest quality cups in the country. We’ve purchased this exact lot for the last three years and have worked with METAD for six. They are one of our best partners, and every year our staff and customers highly anticipate what the new season of their coffees has to offer. Overall, METAD is a big part of what we do at Onyx, and over 50% of all our coffees from Ethiopia are either farmed or sourced through them.
METAD, HAMBELA, & THE ADINEWS by Jon
I met Michael at an SCAA event back in 2013. He was probably the friendliest person I have ever met. We discussed his coffee farm, and I happened to be headed to Ethiopia at the beginning of the year, so a plan was made to visit. That visit turned out to be an incredibly fruitful trip (pun intended) as we contracted more coffee from a single farm than we ever had at the time. Five years later, we are in a full swing partnership and are so proud to represent the hard work, history, and quality the Adinews bring to specialty coffee. Michael now lives in the Bay area while his other two brothers reside in Addis Adaba. They have gone on to build a school in Hambela, supporting more than 400 students, and they supplement the salaries of the teachers.
We are very proud to say that this our first full container to import ourselves from East Africa this year. It was a stressful process for us, complete with new terms and learning. The Adinews were crucial in helping us understand the process and be successful. We hope this marks a new beginning for us having more of a hand in the transport of our coffees from origin to our roastery.
NATURAL PROCESSED COFFEES
Naturals are beautiful…Okay, natural coffees are beautiful when done properly and are pretty much the worst thing ever when not. Natural processing or dry processing refers to the act of drying and fermenting coffee inside the cherry. This means the coffee cherries are picked from the tree and placed on drying beds or on the ground in some cases. They are dried in the sun until they have 12% moisture content or so and then are hulled to remove the dry husk of the fruit. “Naturally,” they exhibit fruit-forward characteristics and have a good chance of tasting “fermenty,” which is usually a taboo in Specialty Coffee. However, with advanced technique in picking and drying, high-quality naturals are being produced, and the cup quality and taste profiles are astoundingly good. We have long promoted alternative processing methods, and naturals are at the top of that list. This Hambela coffee is one of those reasons we do. Fresh berries, vibrant lime, and a sweet, silky mouthfeel is just part of what makes this coffee so indulgent. Add jasmine tea, bergamot, and tropical overtones in both aromatics and flavor. This coffee will change the way you look at black coffee and may just convert those who don’t drink it currently. Clean, high-quality naturals can be a perspective-changing cup.
Wanna know more about how we brew? Then visit our brew methods page cause "this is how we brew it" (think Montell Jordan when reading that last part).
FILTER – Kalita Wave Dripper
25g Coffee : 400g Water 205°F
~3:30 Drain Time
Absolutely delicious brew! This coffee is one of our favorites of the year and frankly could be hard to beat. The Kalita Wave helps us evenly extract this delightful coffee and get a smooth, syrupy body to complement the tart raspberry, sweet and floral lychee, and sweet tea. As the coffee cools, we experience a nice cocoa in the finish. This cup is balanced and refreshing. The raspberry and lychee are a unique flavor combination that makes this cup enjoyable from start to finish. The floral notes add complexity if you want to sip and savor, while the smooth body and sweetness make it approachable and drinkable. If you drain too fast or under-extract this coffee, it tastes pretty good, still, but lacks the complexity, body, and sweetness of a balanced cup. It'll taste like grape and black tea. If you over-extract this coffee, it tastes like strong black tea with some grapes mashed in it, not too pleasant.
ESPRESSO - Modbar EP
Brew Temp: 198°F, Line Pressure: ~3.5 bars, Max Pressure: 9 bars
Pressure Profile: 0 sec to 4 sec - line pressure, from 4 sec till done - 9 bars
19g in : ~45g out @ ~30s
This espresso is a reminder of all the things we love about natural processed coffee from Ethiopia. Bright and super sweet with nice complexity. We adore this espresso because it showcases tart raspberry and plum, iced tea, and lychee in the cup. It even carries well through milk beverages with cappuccinos, tasting like dried lychee and almond milk. It takes its flavor and sweetness well even in larger milk beverages, but a single capp was our favorite. If the shot is under-extracted, then it will taste too tart and lack the warmer sweetness and pleasant finish of a balanced shot. If the shot is over-extracted, then the finish will be very drying, and there will be an unpleasant medicinal quality throughout the experience.
Ethiopia Gedeb Beriti Natural
This is a Relationship Coffee from our friends at METAD in Ethiopia. We’ve been working with Aman, Tariku, and Michael Adinew (METAD) for five years now. METAD not only owns the famed Hambela farm we purchase from but also helps source other coffees and owns a washing station in Gedeb. We are really excited about their dry mill project they have started. And now they are working on a project in Limu and Sidama. This vertical integration is inspiring and showcases their commitment to quality coffees.
This year we purchased a full container from them full of mixed micro-lots and have discussed the possibility of a second box as well. We paid $4.25/lb FOB for this coffee which we cupped as an 89. We purchased forty 69-kilo bags of the natural Beriti and brought in the container ourselves. We wired the full amount for Beriti, and the other coffees we purchased from METAD, to them before coffee left Ethiopia to help share risk and trust.
Recently we have been working on some data to show what it’s like to bring in your own container. Hopefully, this will bring clarity to other roasters who are looking to import their own coffee in the future and help farmers, consumers, and other coffee enthusiasts understand the industry we have all grown to love. Speaking honestly for myself, the data listed below, I had been searching for when I scanned the internet, asked importers/exporters, and other coffee professionals for years but to no avail. Brand vulnerability isn’t a bad thing, and I just don’t think this type of information can hurt the industry or create competitors. I hope that it empowers other roasters to import or producers to export.
Coffee is transported from origin to the US, or other countries, using shipping containers. There are two types of containers you can use for coffee: 20’ and 40’ long. Most use the 40’ box for efficiency reasons, and it can hold 44,000lb’s of coffee give or take.
There are many small fees throughout the coffee chain to bring a container of coffee to our roastery. While there are many small and large costs associated with the movement of such a massive volume, we have broken them down into four categories and have listed the amounts below.
The first cost is CUSTOMS/EXPORT, which involves things like harbor maintenance fees, FDA filing fees, insurance, agency fees, broker fees, annual bonds, and importer security. $1,713.87 was the total price for all these fees for moving the box from Ethiopia to a port in the states.
The second cost accrued is what we list as MISC SHIPPING LINES. Included in this are the ocean freight cost, low sulfur fuel tax, bunker recovery, and terminal handling charges. While these terms might seem confusing, you can read in an upcoming blog post all the definitions and more detail. These are charges while the coffee is on the water and normal handling and freight fees for the shipper. Total for all these charges was $1,956.
The third is CANAL TRUCKING, which is precisely what it sounds like and comes to $439.60.
The fourth and final section we had is ARRIVALS/GROUND, which includes port fees and unloading the container. In this case, it was Dupuy in Houston. Once unloaded they are sorted by micro-lots and palletized in groups of 10-12 depending on the bag size. Imagine unloading three hundred 150lb bags of coffee… We then used Schneider Trucking to bring all those pallets to our roastery here in Rogers, Arkansas. The total paid for this section was $2,814.91.
All together it cost $6,924.96 to bring coffee to our door. That brings the total cost of purchasing and logistics to about $189,320.00, give or take a few dollars. All to purchase around 43,000lbs of the best coffee Ethiopia has to offer.
We are honored to showcase the hard work of METAD and the Adinew brothers. I also want to give a big thanks and shout out to Michael Adinew for his encouragement, consulting, and overall kindness. Look for a new blog post on our website for more details and other aspects of transparency in the coffee industry.
• The Coffee Commodity purchase price was $0.94/lb when we purchased this coffee.
• The Fair Trade Coffee minimum price was $1.60/lb when we purchased this coffee.
We as a company believe transparency is unbelievably important. However, we decided only to list what is shown here because we don’t know where to stop. Do we list the amount of coffee lost in roasting due to moisture loss? Should we list our roaster Mark's salary? The warehouse rent? The utilities? The point of listing things above is not to justify what we charge or what we profit, but to give a realistic snapshot of the industry and how Specialty Coffee can be different than other commodity industries. If you have concerns feel free to email us and I’ll write you back when I’m available.
Relationship Coffee is an initiative we, at Onyx, have purposely created to describe our sourcing and buying practices and how we document them. Certifications like Direct Trade, Fair Trade, and others have impacted the coffee communities in mostly positive ways but also in some negative ways. We find that blanket terms and applying them to a multitude of business models no longer describes what we do.
In reality, every company is different, and we wanted to step out from the mold and create a new set of standards that exceeds in every department from quality to transparency to pricing. The growers, exporters, importers, associations, cooperatives, and other entities are always a set of relationships. To be honest, many are our friends as much as they are our producers and partners. We share information, family news, meals, housing, many faiths, and argue politics. Oh, and we love it. Relationship Coffee for Onyx is the mark of an honest exchange ethos that permeates our company, and we hope it encourages the growth of specialty coffee for the future.
We visited the farm or cupping lab and listened to the producer/agronomist or head cooperative/association to ascertain better knowledge about the culture and practices.
We cupped the coffee, and it scored to our industry-high standards.
We do not buy futures or multiple harvests to ensure that what we cupped for that year is what we serve.
We do not ask for exclusivity from producers, binding their options.
We pay what the coffee is worth. This always is at least double Fair Trade minimum due to the quality we buy, and many times is three to ten times the amount.
We do not finance any coffee. Cash flow is just as important as the final price. Coffee is paid in full upon delivery, and we pay a percentage upfront upon contracting.
We are completely transparent from price to logistics to cupping score, to who we work with buying and shipping coffee.
We work to set premiums after a contracted price to incentivize quality and community building. This can be .10¢ - .25¢ extra per pound or community projects such as school supplies in the growing village, sports jerseys, vented chimneys for kitchen fires, etc.